The modern era has not only brought benefits for humans, significant negative impacts have been observed on biodiversity, which has awakened everyone's environmental awareness. In the industrial sector, green logistics is now taking a major place, from product design, through packaging to transport.
Green logistics and packaging
The green revolution is now underway, the environment has become a general trend. In terms of packaging in particular, efforts are focused on the use of reusable packaging, made with renewable and sustainable materials, designed as close as possible to the goods in order to reduce its size and weight ... Ecological logistics which is particularly applied in e-commerce.
Indeed, consumers judge e-commerce players on their ability to adopt eco-responsible practices, more specifically in terms of packaging, which has often been criticized as being harmful to the environment. Thus, to contribute to the preservation of biodiversity, the latter are increasingly opting for the use of recyclable packaging: shipping sleeves in kraft paper or padded with paper, plant-based plastic packaging, etc.
Trend towards the green warehouse
As a reminder, green logistics aims to reduce the impact of logistics and transport activities on the environment. In other words, it is about reducing the consumption of resources as well as the production of waste, hence the concept of the green warehouse, among others.
From a green perspective, warehouses must now monitor their energy consumption as well as their environmental footprint. Several options are now adopted to achieve this, such as the use of low-consumption lighting such as LED lamps, the diffusion of natural light or reinforced insulation of the building to avoid any loss of heat or cold, use of a photovoltaic power plant, the establishment of an autonomous rainwater management system, etc.
A constant challenge for transport
The echo of ecological logistics echoes even in transport. Currently, the use of fuel in the transport of goods does not yet have a greener alternative. However, companies are doing their best to optimize this aspect by reducing the distances traveled, empty returns and the number of trips, but also by using combined transport, which is less polluting.
Combined transport, also called intermodal transport, consists of successively using two or more modes of transport for the routing of the consignment of goods. It is the "rail-road" option that is frequently used by companies, in other words, transport of goods by rail and then final delivery by road.
In short, consumers have changed their habits and are careful with their purchases, taking into account the efforts of companies to respect the environment. Also, the latter do their best to comply with green logistics, guaranteeing sustainable development: less raw materials, use of equipment and infrastructure that consume less energy and optimization of routes to have less transport flows. Ecological logistics have thus become commonplace.