Forging documents is one of the most common crimes when it comes to committing fraud. This is why, from a legal, business or personal perspective, the analysis of false documents has become an essential tool. To carry out these studies, writing and document experts are accredited professionals with specific knowledge on this subject and they are responsible for verifying the veracity of any document.
The detection of false documents is becoming more and more complicated due to the quality and completeness of the forgeries, but a expert in paperwork and documents responsible for verifying the legality of these documents has many assets to detect them.
What is the crime of falsifying documents?
The offense of false document is committed when a person alters, modifies, simulates or falsifies a document or part of it. That is, the culprit can convert the document into a forgery by forging one of its components or create a new document from the forgery. These two hypotheses are false documents.
Each type of document requires a different analysis
The same tools are not used to detect forgery in a manuscript as in an identity document, for example. A very curious case is the analysis of false documents relating to banknotes, which is undoubtedly one of the most complex. Their study involves using a magnifying glass to view the micro text and an ultraviolet lamp to detect the different colors of their security microfibers. But, alongside these sophisticated systems, there is also a sensory test to listen to the unique sound that an authentic banknote makes when it is crumpled.
What are the steps for analyzing forged documents?
The truth is that in general, for manuscripts, printed matter and documents in general, this is how an expert in scriptures and documents does their analysis. In fact, it is about using all the theoretical knowledge and technology available to verify the authenticity of a document in its various forms of forgery. These are the main variants:
- Determine the authorship of the document. This point is twofold: it is necessary to analyze who wrote the document, generally by means of graphology which makes it possible to systematically deduce the psychological characteristics of an individual's personality and, on the other hand, the authenticity of the content.
- Investigate whether there is identity theft, i.e. whether a person assumes the identity of another to carry out various actions, ranging from requesting a bank loan to attacking a third. The latter variant is very current and has grown with the emergence of social media where one person uses the photos and personal data of another to create a public profile with their name and perform a malicious act.
- Detect if there is an alteration. This third fact is also a very widespread form of document forgery where the physical part of the document can be altered, vary in whole or in part the content and, finally, cause intentional damage so that the content is not understood or invalidate a authentic document.
New technologies make it easier for professionals to analyze false documents. But they are also useful tools for counterfeiters. This is why any report on the falsification of a document should be developed following a set of guidelines that confirm that it has been studied in sufficient depth. At least, that's the way script and document experts work.