Bedbug infestations require total eradication. The fight is not enough because it is insects which feed on blood, like certain tropical species which are potential vectors of disease.
If you think you've been bitten by bedbugs, inspect your home immediately. Look closely at cracks in walls, mattresses, and furniture. You may need to perform the inspection at night when the bedbugs are active.
Check these signs:
- Dark spots. These spots are usually found along the seams of mattresses and are bedbug droppings.
- Empty exoskeletons. Bedbugs change their skin five times before they become adults. These empty skins are pale yellow in color.
- Rust or reddish colored spots. You can find small blood stains on the bed sheets where you accidentally run over a bedbug.
The treatment on you
The red itchy rash associated with bed bug bites usually goes away on its own within a week or two. Your doctor will advise you on a skin cream or oral antihistamine. If you have a skin infection from a bedbug bite, your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic.
Treatment in your home
After you have treated your symptoms, you should take care of the bed bug treatment from your home. This can be difficult because they hide very well and can go several months without eating. The best decision may be to hire a professional exterminator who can use a combination of pesticides and non-chemical treatments.
Step by step processing
Step 1: preparation for treatment
- Remove all bedding for washing, it should not be placed on the floor but placed directly in waterproof bags and sealed. If bedbugs are observed, bedding should be kept in the room without being bagged for treatment inside. Clothing should be washed at at least 60ºC for 60 minutes, then dried in a tumble dryer at least 45ºC for 30 minutes.
- Disassemble headboards, outlets, light fixtures, any plastic boxes or wall covers.
- Empty all cupboards, drawers, tables and throw away papers or brochures.
- Seal the room door sill with duct tape to prevent bedbugs from escaping. It is very important that bed bugs are not transferred to other areas during the room preparation process.
Step 2: processing the part
The non-chemical treatments are as follows:
- Vacuum. Careful vacuuming of cracks and crevices can physically remove bed bugs from an area. After each use, vacuum the area with a high-power device. The vacuum bag should be sealed and then discarded.
- Wash and dry clothes in a hot dryer will kill bed bugs in clothes.
- Freezing. Bed bugs are also vulnerable to temperatures below 0 ° C, but you should leave your clothes outside or in the freezer for several days.
Some professional exterminators use portable devices to raise the temperature in a room to a level that is deadly for bedbugs. Bed bugs at all stages can be killed at 50 ° C (122 ° F). In some cases, you will need to throw away heavily infested items like mattresses or couches.
Repeat the treatment to kill insects that have not yet hatched and are in the egg stage.
Step 3: Reuse the part
After a safety period of 12 hours from the 2nd treatment, the room can be occupied after an eye inspection.
A strict separation of dirty and clean clothes is fundamental as well as the fact of not sharing the same storage with blankets, mattresses, etc.
Watch for pigeons to nest on balconies, ledges or windows near the room. They can not only introduce bedbugs but also ticks and other mites.