Card games are part of our popular culture. Young or old, many of us have, at some point, "hit the card" with family members and friends. Beyond simple entertainment, playing cards is also a vector of interaction and social cohesion. Calling on our qualities as tacticians and strategist, it would also be revealing of our personalities. But do you know the favorite card games of the French? If you haven't already, there is still time to start playing!
A true institution in France, the belote is the most popular card game in France where there are 9 million more or less regular players. The rules of belote are very easy to learn: two teams of two players compete with 32 cards. A contract game par excellence, the belote imposes on the team that take, that is to say who chooses the color of the trump, to score 82 points under penalty of penalty: to be in. Its name comes from the word 'bel-atout' and the game was imported to France by Dutch diamond dealers in the early 20th century. There are several forms of belote as the coinche or the country which are also practiced in various French-speaking countries such as Belgium, Tunisia or Morocco. Switzerland also has its equivalent of the belote: the jass. Finally, the game gave the French language the expression ‘rebelote’ which means an action that is repeated.
Tarot is a very old game, probably appeared as early as the 15th century in Italy. It can be played with four or five. Usually one of the players, the taker or declaring, opposes others, called defenders, and agrees to score a certain number of points to win. Like the belote, tarot is a game with relatively simple rules, with a trump card system that gives pride of place to luck but does not lack subtleties either. Very popular in high school lessons, it is played with a deck of 78 cards, which lengthens the games over the long term. Better known in the collective imagination as the instrument of choice for fortune tellers and seers, the tarot deck borrows a number of symbols religious pagans or even occult like astrology and numerology. Do you like it?
Card game popularized in casinos, blackjack took its name from the United States but is originally from France where it was practiced under the name "Vingt-et-un". It is a table game that is played with 1 to 8 decks of 52 cards, and each table can accommodate up to 7 players. As its roots indicate, the goal of blackjack is to beat your opponent, the croupier, by getting as close as possible to twenty-one, without ever exceeding that amount.The croupier deals two cards to each player, who must then decide whether to draw more cards or not. Here again, it’s a game that includes a clever mix of luck and thinking. When playing blackjack at a casino, one parameter to consider is the "house edge", which is the theoretical percentage of the money wagered that is lost by the player to the casino. To win, you will need to develop a coherent strategy, but rest assured, blackjack is not a very complicated game!
Modern poker originated in the 19th century in the United States and flourished in saloons during the Gold Rush. Immortalized in many films, he experienced an incredible popular boom in France like the rest of the world for twenty years. You can play poker in a casino, but also at home with a group of friends, or even online in one of its many variations such as hold'em where the draw. Playing it certainly involves a bit of luck, but poker is above all a game where strategy is essential. Having a background in mathematics and probability is a plus for winning the game and the psychological aspect is important for knowing how to bluff! However, poker remains a game with simple rules and fun to play. If you want to see it for yourself, it exists on the Internet a multitude of guides for beginners to help you get started. And join a community of players that continues to grow.
Several theories circulate on the origins of this game derived from the whist, his ancestor. The bridge would thus have nothing to do with any bridge. However, it appeared in England at the end of the 19th century after having known several appellations including ‘french trump’ in England (trump meaning trump in English). But it is indeed to the Russian word "britch" that it owes its etymology. Contrary to the popular image of belote, bridge retains the reputation of being an elitist game played by bourgeois or aristocrats. It is played with a deck of fifty-two cards and four players using a bidding system. It's a game that's both cerebral and very entertaining which has become much democratized today. France has some 1.5 million bridgers and national competitions are organized under the aegis of the French Federation. Will you be part of it soon?